Little bit about Turkish coffee
The purest, strongest and best taste so far
"Anyone have a cup of hot coffee?" is one of the most common questions you hear when you visit friends or relatives anywhere to find yourself in the Balkans.
The real answer to this question is "yes" since from the very way you prepare, to serving and drinking coffee in this part of Europe, alone or in society, you enjoy a relaxing ritual that will surely brighten your day. However, every visitor to the Balkans noted that in the case of espresso, cappuccino or decaffeinated coffee, really enjoying your coffee involves a small cup, the darkest black coffee crowned with thick brown foam and a scent to die for. Although this beverage is mostly called "Turkish" coffee, people living in different parts of the Balkans reject this claim and call it "Serbian", Greek, "Bosnian", "Macedonian", "Slovenian" etc.
One has to wonder what could be so controversial about such ordinary things as coffee, so let's find out!
First, the preparation of this coffee is almost the same everywhere: the coffee is finely ground, and a special cooking vessel is called "Cezve" (Turkish for "pot") which is filled with water and then placed on a heating plate. When the water boils, 1-2 teaspoons (by taste) of sugar are added, followed by ground coffee. Then the coffee returns to the hob and after a few minutes, the coffee is done.
However, the various regions of the Balkans have their own specific ways of preparation, thus some put sugar and coffee before the water boils, while others prepare without sugar and serve it with sugar cubes served next to a cup, on a tray. Easy and simple.
But if someone asks for the name of this coffee, then, things get a little complicated. For example, if you have been to a coffee shop in Turkey and ordered "Turkish" coffee, Turkish waiters will tell you that you have ordered traditional coffee that has been brewed in this country for centuries, served with traditional sweets. However, if you go north, and want to get this coffee, then it is advisable to order it as "Greek" coffee. Try ordering "Turkish" coffee and you'll get that weird look from the waiters who don't seem to understand what you said.
You will probably face the same situation in Serbia and Macedonia, where waiters will proudly say that you will be served a cup of the best traditional "Serbian" or "Macedonian" coffee.
According to some historical records, this type of coffee, also known as Arab, first came from Yemen to Turkey in the 16th century when the Ottoman governor met Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent. This story is followed by a ban on Sultan Murat IV coffee in the 17th century, which declared drink as "blasphemy", but in the end, the lust for coffee overthrew his orders. As the Ottoman Empire spread across the Balkans and Eastern Mediterranean countries, drinking coffee became an important cultural practice. Until the 1970s, all these countries called coffee "Turkish", however, under the influence of nationalism and the attempt to erase Turkish remains from the past, many again christened coffee. trying to adapt it to their own national identity. The Greeks even tried to call it Byzantine coffee, although it was introduced around the 16th century and did not refer to the rule of the Byzantine Empire.
Despite the different names of this gift of Suleiman the Magnificent, when it comes to coffee, there is one thing that all the Balkan countries have in common - elan. This coffee must be drunk at a slow pace of particular pleasure, often with a cigarette and cheerful conversation. Finally, when the cup is empty, another ritual begins. Of course, those who know this coffee know that we are talking about predicting fate, ie looking into a cup, this type of coffee leaves a brown sludge similar to the mud at the bottom of the cup. If you take the mug and first gently rotate it, then turn the bottom of the mug and leave it on the tray, there will be some patterns and contours on the inner surface of the mug.
Then, a person who knows how to look at the mug, guided by the forms left behind, will read your fate to you. Finally, the one whose mug imagines the wish while his finger is stuck in the sludge, and upon the imprint that remains afterwards, the fate reader will tell him whether the wish will be fulfilled or not.